The Importance of Mobile and Voice Assistants – The Next Frontier
This Wall Street Journal article points out Microsoft’s Cortana Mistake: Relying on Windows
PHOTO: HARMON KARDON
Article published on the Wall Street Journal on August 14, 2018
By Jane Greene
Microsoft Corp. MSFT -1.36% is moving to retool Cortana, its digital voice assistant that has struggled as the software giant shackled it to the personal computer.
When the assistant—named after a character from the Xbox videogame franchise “Halo”—was introduced four years ago, it was only available through the Windows operating system, a strategy that hobbled Cortana as voice computing took off in a new era of smart speakers.
Amazon.com Inc. AMZN -1.93% introduced its Alexa digital assistant seven months after Cortana’s launch, but its Echo and sibling devices now control two-thirds of the U.S. smart-speaker market, according to research firm eMarketer. The market share of devices using Cortana isn’t large enough to be listed in eMarketer’s tally.
Microsoft’s effort to turn Cortana into a viable competitor, while voice computing is still in its early days, is bigger than just the market for smart speakers that sit on kitchen counters checking the weather. It is an opportunity to lead in the next big advance in computing, in which people use their voices rather than a keyboard and mouse.
Companies that master so-called conversational computing will have an edge in the emerging business just as Windows gave Microsoft an advantage in the PC era, analysts say.
Microsoft is looking to get customers using Cortana when they aren’t sitting in front of their PCs, said David Ku, Microsoft vice president. He declined to elaborate, but said one approach could lead to customers using Cortana to access email in cars.
Cortana’s overhaul effort is led by Javier Soltero, a senior executive who came to Microsoft through a 2014 acquisition and has become an internal advocate for new approaches at the 43-year-old company. As a senior executive in the group behind Outlook, he pushed to make the email and calendar app work well on Apple Inc.’s iOS and the Android operating system from Google.
Mr. Soltero declined to be interviewed. A person familiar with his plans expects him to provide more details regarding his Cortana strategy early this fall.
Microsoft also hopes to boost Cortana use through a partnership with Amazon. The deal provides each assistant with capabilities they lack, giving Alexa, for example, access to Microsoft’s widely used Outlook calendar app, while letting Microsoft tap into Amazon’s pool of customers using voice-recognition gadgets and Alexa’s home-automation apps. The companies demonstrated how the integration would work in May, and could roll out the service as early as this week, the person familiar with the plans said.
So far, Microsoft’s bid to move Cortana beyond Windows devices has sputtered. Last year, Samsung Electronics Co.’s Harman Kardon unit debuted a voice-enabled speaker running Cortana. The device “went absolutely nowhere,” said Gartner Inc. analyst Werner Goertz.
Microsoft faces a chicken-or-egg challenge in winning over not only consumers but the developers whose apps would make Cortana more compelling. Developers question the merit of writing apps for a platform few use.
“It’s just not cost-effective,” said Ahmed Bouzid, CEO of the voice-app maker Witlingo. His company has created only two Cortana apps, for the investor site Motley Fool and for a law firm.
It is a steep hill to catch Alexa. There are more than 40,000 so-called skills for the assistant, according to Amazon, letting customers do everything from request an Uber car to order a Domino’s pizza. There are fewer than 300 Cortana skills.
Amazon is well ahead of Microsoft in building a technical and marketing support system for developers, said Bob Stolzberg, CEO of VoiceXP Inc., which has built Alexa voice apps for customers such as CenturyLink Inc., but none for Cortana.
“Right now, Amazon is paving the way,” Mr. Stolzberg said.
When Microsoft executives first introduced Cortana, they sought to portray the tech giant as untethered from its stodgy past. The digital assistant even joked on stage it was happy it wasn’t named “Microsoft Personal Assistant v. 1 service pack 2 2014.” But at the same time, they insisted Windows be the center of its universe.
“We thought, hey, if we just bootstrap off Windows everything will be fine,” Mr. Ku said.
Satya Nadella became Microsoft’s CEO two months before the Cortana launch. In his 4½-year tenure as chief executive, he moved Microsoft away from its Windows-first approach, beefing up its cloud-computing and productivity businesses and capping that off by downgrading the operating system’s role in a March reorganization. But Microsoft’s Cortana strategy remains a vestige Mr. Nadella hasn’t yet fixed.
About 148 million people or so use Cortana monthly, according to Microsoft. But many of them type into a search box to draw on data stored in Outlook email, address book and calendar apps and the web, for example, rather than using its speech-recognition capabilities.
Microsoft’s rivals are racing to move beyond smart speakers. Amazon has been working with Ford Motor Co. and BMW AG to integrate Alexa into their cars. Alphabet Inc.’s GOOGL -2.06% Google Assistant works with some LG Electronics Inc. appliances, letting customers find out when a washing machine load will be done.